The actual capacity is mainly related to the battery’s construction, manufacturing process and operational environment. During operation, the factors that influence the actual capacity are the discharge rate, end voltage, ambient temperature and discharge time.
A C-rate is a measure of the rate at which a battery is discharged relative to its maximum capacity. A 1C rate means that the discharge current will discharge the entire battery in 1 hour. For a battery with a capacity of 100 Amp-hrs, this equates to a discharge current of 100 Amps. A 5C rate for this battery would be 500 Amps, and a C/2 rate would be 50 Amps.
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